- The new diagnosis of "disruptive mood dysregulation disorder" will turn childhood temper tantrums into symptoms of a mental illness
- Normal grief will become "major depressive disorder", meaning people will turn to diagnosis and prescription as a response to bereavement
- The criteria for "generalised anxiety disorder" will be significantly relaxed, making the worries of everyday life into targets for medical treatment
- Lower diagnostic thresholds will see more diagnoses of "adult attention deficit disorder", which could lead to widespread prescription of stimulant drugs
- A wide range of unfortunate human behaviours, the subject of many new year's resolutions, will become mental illnesses - excessive eating will become "binge eating disorder", and the category of "behavioural addictions" will widen significantly to include such "disorders" as "internet addiction" and "sex addiction"
A PSYCHOLOGICAL FORMULATION OF MENTAL DISTRESS - THE HPP MODEL COMMENTARY - (TRAXSON, PARKER, ROWLAND AND MATTHEWS 2011)-------"What we need as professionals is a naturalistic narrative of needs NOT a dysfunctional discussion of dubiously diagnosed disorders." - A menu of alternatives to medication is proposed to trigger creative thinking about the options available to deal with behavioural difficulties.THE HPP MODEL OF MENTAL HEALTH AND WELLBEING FOR YOUNG PEOPLE FEATURES OF THE HPP MODEL - A multi-dimensional discursive appro...
SOCIAL PEDAGOGY - A VIABLE ALTERNATIVE TO DRUGGING CHILDREN -A Progressive Northern European Approach (from Denmark) that could reduce the need to drug children in our schools - with excerpts from 'thempra.uk' from goodenoughcare.comTHE SOCIAL PEDAGOGY TREE http://www.goodenoughcaring.com CLICK ON LINK TO THIS WEBSITE THEN GO TO 'THERAPEUTIC CARE AND SOCIAL...
DANGER - TEACHERS IN U.S. TO ASSES CHILDRENS' MENTAL HEALTH - A New Bill Paves the Way for this Systemic Lunacy - by Jay Syrmopoulos - March 2015 Courtesy of the Free Thought ProjectDallas, Texas – Texas State Representative Jason Villalba (R-Dallas) is once again in the spotlight after submitting yet another Orwellia...
Why No One Is Satisfied With Psychiatric Diagnoses Main Category: Psychology / Psychiatry The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Me...
RAGE AGAINST THE POWER OF PSYCHIATRY -"We won't back down." a la Tom Petty - Youtube - song - from the Blue Panther Party.http://youtu.be/U7JPk003ciw WATCH THIS POWERFUL SHORT SONG ABOUT THE HISTORICAL POWER OF PSYCHIATRY
Drugging schoolchildren as social control? Following my keynote address at the Association of Educational Psychologists’ Annual Cour...
Pediatric Ritalin Use May Affect Developing Brain, New Study Suggests Weill Cornell Medical College Thu, 19 Jul 2007 11:56 CDT U...
Kids of three in ‘danger’ drug alert Published: 20 Jun 2011: SCOTTISH SUN PROBLEM children as young as THREE are being prescribed mind...
Total Downloads Worldwide
Wednesday, 24 July 2013
DSM-5 - Grief and anxiety are not mental illnesses - Professor Peter Kinderman - Courtesy of the BBC NEWS WEBSITE
'Grief and anxiety are not mental illnesses'
By Peter Kinderman Professor of Clinical Psychology
Everyday anxieties could become targets for medical treatment in an updated US psychiatric manual DSM-5
The forthcoming edition of an American psychiatric manual will increase the number of people in the general population diagnosed with a mental illness - but what they need is help and understanding, not labels and medication.
Many people experience a profound and long-lasting grieving process following the death of a loved one. Many soldiers returning from conflict suffer from trauma. Many of us are shy and anxious in social situations or unmotivated and pessimistic if we're unemployed or dislike our jobs.
For a few of us, our experiences of abuse or failure lead us to feel that life is not worth living. We need to recognise these human truths and we need to offer help. But we should not regard these human experiences as symptoms of a mental illness.
Psychiatric diagnoses are not only scientifically invalid, they are harmful too. The language of illness implies that the roots of such emotional distress lie in abnormalities in our brain and biology, usually known as "chemical imbalances".
This leads us to be blind to the social and psychological causes of distress.
More importantly, we tend to prescribe medical solutions - anti-depressants and anti-psychotic medication - despite significant side-effects and poor evidence of their effectiveness.
“The criteria for "generalised anxiety disorder" would be significantly relaxed, making the worries of everyday life into targets for medical treatment.”
Prof Peter Kinderman
"This is wrong. We should not be diagnosing many more people with meaningless "mental illnesses", telling them these stem from brain abnormalities, and prescribing medication."
An extremely influential American psychiatric manual used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders has been updated for publication in May 2013.
But this latest edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, or DSM-5, will only make a bad situation worse because it will lower many diagnostic thresholds and increase the number of people in the general population seen as having a mental illness.
Stigma of diagnosis
Standard psychiatric diagnoses are notoriously invalid - they do not correspond to meaningful clusters of symptoms in the real world, despite the obvious importance that they should. Diagnoses fail to predict the effectiveness of particular treatments and they do not map neatly onto biological processes.
In current mental-health systems, diagnosis is often seen as necessary for accessing services. However, it also sets the scene for the misuse and overuse of medical interventions such as anti-psychotic and anti-depressant drugs, which have worrying long-term side-effects.
Scientific evidence strongly suggests distressing experiences result not from "faulty brains", but from complex interactions between biological, but more importantly, social and psychological factors.
But diagnosis and the language of biological illness obscure the causal role of factors such as abuse, poverty and social deprivation. The result is often further stigma, discrimination and social exclusion.
There are humane and effective alternatives to traditional psychiatric diagnoses.
It is relatively straightforward to generate a simple list of problems that can be reliably and validly defined. There is no reason to assume that these phenomena cluster into diagnostic categories or are the consequences of underlying illnesses.
We can then use medical and psychological science to understand how problems might have originated, and recommend therapeutic solutions.
This approach would yield all the benefits of the current diagnosis-and-treatment approach without its many inadequacies and dangers.
Prof Peter Kinderman is head of the Institute of Psychology, Health and Society at the University of Liverpool.